There are certain dangers in outdoor sports, especially many activities are located in relatively remote mountains and forests. Once an accident occurs, it is often necessary to take the initiative to save yourself instead of passively waiting for rescue. It is very necessary to master certain wild survival skills.The most important things in survival in the wild are water, fire, food, shelter, rescue signals, standing medicines, and necessary tools. So let's learn some wild survival tips together.
Looking for water sources (filtering, sterilizing, boiling)
Mild dehydration can cause dizziness, headache, general fatigue, and severe dehydration can cause shock and coma, which is life-threatening.
The human body is prone to dehydration after sweating a lot, and the body will become dehydrated after being sick or having food poisoning and diarrhea. It is very important to replenish water in time.
Just boil and drink. If you are in other harsh terrain, you can use some other ways to find water. In tropical rainforest areas, use raincoats and tents to collect rainwater. In areas with heavy fog, you can spread a plastic sheet on the ground and shake dewy plants to collect dew. For sea islands, seawater distillation can be used to store water in an open vessel covered with a film, and put it in the sun. The evaporated and condensed water will flow down the film and be collected in a container. Observe the direction of animal tracks, find water sources for animals, and dig wells on wet ground.
Fire in the wild
When using a flint and steel, then scrape the flint with the metal to ignite the kindling.It is very important to find dry and flammable starters such as bird nests, reeds, feathers or dried paper scraps.
Prepare a bunch of twigs and large twigs. Once the kindling is lit, add small twigs slowly, and thicken the twigs after the fire is strong.If the ground is very wet, use rocks or wood to cushion the bottom to isolate the moisture in the ground.
You can also use the bottom of a glass bottle or ice cubes to make a convex lens to focus the fire. Start the stove with stones, the stove mouth should face the air outlet, and the remaining three sides should be surrounded by stones. The better the air circulation, the stronger the flames. It must be noted that fire should never be used where it is prohibited. Be very careful when extinguishing a fire. It is the most basic moral principle to put out the burning fire with water, and after making sure that the fire is completely extinguished, carefully sweep away the ashes and residues, and then cover it with soil to restore it to its original state.
Hunting and gathering
In wild survival, efficiency is very important. In the wild environment, you are not sure when you will be rescued and whether you will find enough food. You can use some energy-saving methods to find food. Generally speaking, gathering is more efficient than hunting, and there are many plants that can be eaten. In the south of this season, you can pick a lot of bamboo shoots, mountain fern, lichen, mushrooms and so on.
Be very cautious when eating mushrooms. It is not recommended to eat mushrooms unless necessary. Nowadays, many non-toxic mushrooms can mutate toxins. There have been many poisoning incidents after ingestion. Mushrooms that are very similar have to be tested. Put them on the skin or eat only a little bit, and wait for an hour or two before eating. Although the collection is more efficient, it is difficult to supplement the large amount of protein that the body needs. At this time, we need to hunt some mushrooms. animal. In the wild environment, we should use the resources we found as much as possible. Fish that have begun to rot can be used as bait to trap small animals or shrimps and crabs. As long as you make good use of it, you can turn waste into treasure. Do not eat raw meat at will, it is easy to be infected with parasites, especially in tropical areas (snails have schistosomes, frogs have sparganosis, bats and rodents such as mice have rabies, monkeys have rabies Bora virus, etc.)
The shelter can keep you away from the intrusion of nature, sun protection and shelter from the rain to keep away from wild animals, especially in the tropical rain forest, it is very necessary to isolate the moisture on the ground and snakes, insects, rats and ants. Shelter is a relatively large amount of work, and some time should be spent every day to strengthen the shelter and prepare for long-term survival.
Build a shelter
Building shelters can use local resources as much as possible, using bamboo, wood, branches or stones to build. When using natural caves, pay attention to the possible attacks of wild animals, snakes and bats in the caves.The simplest shelter can do this, use three long wooden sticks, one end is tied together with a rope, and then the other end of the three wooden sticks is spread out to form a three-sided cone, placed on the ground, covered with plastic sheeting, ponchos, and some leaves Wait for cover so it can shelter from the rain.
International general distress signal SOS (SOS lined up by any object) Start three fires, make them form a triangle (international distress signal), or line up, each fire is about 23 meters apart, covered with fresh leaves to emit thick smoke, whistle, reflector sea water can also be used Auxiliary tools such as dyes.
Distress signal settings
We are more likely to encounter danger in the wild than in the urban environment, because the wild is a natural environment that has not been fully transformed by humans, so it is prepared for the entire natural ecosystem, not for the specific "human" prepared by the population. Therefore, we must learn how to avoid these risks and reduce the chance of being life-threatening during wild adventures.
How to deal with danger？
The first danger: physical geography. There will be no swamps, quicksands, or landslides in the city. There are various dangers hidden in every natural environment. Before traveling, you must investigate the harsh environment you may encounter, and then predict the possible dangers based on the relevant environment, and prepare a self-rescue plan for the worst case. For example, if you go to a forest where you may encounter a swamp, you must put two plastic boards or wooden boards with a size of at least 80cm*60cm in your backpack. Once you fall into a swamp, these two plastic boards can become your "life-saving raft".
The second danger: ferocious animals The survival ability of animals is much stronger than that of humans, which means that the probability of encountering animals that are life-threatening to humans in the wild is much higher. Even if the place you travel is a desolate desert, there may be a beautiful rattlesnake hidden under the long yellow sand. Therefore, a smart field survival expert will definitely carry several common medicines with him according to the wild environment, such as snake medicine, antibiotics, hemostatic medicine, etc. In addition, having a wealth of zoological knowledge allows you to judge whether there are large wild animals around from feces, footprints, and calls, and quickly find out a successful escape route. If you can also make a beautiful torch, then most of the beasts can only watch you drooling, but can't act rashly.
The third danger: special weather The weather forecast says that the weather is unpredictable every day, and the specific weather in a small area often changes as it is said, and people in the wild may be wrapped in dangerous weather at any time. Therefore, before traveling, you must estimate the possible weather situation, and have a little understanding of the local weather changes, and clarify how to deal with drastic changes in the weather. Try not to go to areas that are too dangerous, and must be based on local terrain and other factors. Prepare yourself in advance.
Master the above survival skills in the wild, so that you will not be in a hurry when you encounter an emergency, master the survival skills well, and can save your life when necessary.